Representing France and the French
in Early Modern
English Drama



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Data coverage

Aims of the project

Publications and conferences

The team behind the project

Joining the project




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Welcome to Representing France and the French


How was France represented in early modern England?

To answer this question, our team of researchers has looked at theatre - because drama embraces cultural phenomena almost naturally as an art form - and has compiled a database of over 4000 allusions to France in some 200 hundred plays of the period.

This is an ongoing project - we are planning to cover even more plays in the very near future - , but the material already examined and carefully annotated by our team is proving both surprising and far more complex than what could be imagined. Beyond the clichéd allusions to France (England’s age old enemy) much of the material actually opens up exciting research perspectives in different and yet related fields: linguistics, reception theories, intertextuality and cultural studies.

On this website you can read more about the team’s research objectives and about the results produced so far by the project, but above all you can search the database, access the material and judge for yourself. Feel free to use the database for your own research; we also welcome feedback on the entire project. If our research interests meet yours you might also want to consider contributing to the project.

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Latest News


This section keeps you updated on the project's main events and on our latest publications.

- We are pleased to announce the publication of two new books by one of our team members, Professor Richard Hillman: French Origins of English Tragedy (2010) and French Reflections in the Shakespearean Tragic: Three Case Studies ( 2012).

- New team member: we are very pleased to welcome Paisley Mann, a graduate student from the University of Victoria in Canada.

- Ben Jonson's entire dramatic works are now available for online research. This is thanks to the work of Dr Florence March.


Acknowledgements and general information



Funding institutions

This project is funded and supported by the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and by the Institute for Research on the Renaissance, the Neoclassical age and the Enlightenment (IRCL), at Université Paul Valéry, Montpellier, France.


The project is coordinated by Dr Jean-Christophe Mayer (French National Centre for Scientific Research) and Professor Charles Whitworth (Université Paul Valéry, Montpellier, France).

Steering committee

Prof. Luc Borot, Dr Anne Dunan, Dr Nick Myers, Ms Christelle Ripoll.
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Website design, maintenance and editorial matter by Jean-Christophe Mayer (in accordance with CNRS guidelines).


The initial database was designed by Luc Borot. The current online version is the work of AIDE France and remains the property of the Institute for Research on the Renaissance, the Neoclassical age and the Enlightenment (IRCL).



Version française ici



How Francophile were early modern English playwrights? Click on the above link to read our article.

Research Bibliography

A select research bibliography is now available for consultation.

Latest News

The latest news section on this page keeps you updated on our project.



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